Tag Archive for: Bangkok
The Thai laws of 2002 and 2006 for the protection of the forest heritage as well as those for the protection of the most valuable areas, have allowed the slowing down of a process of progressive elimination of the forest component. At the beginning of 1900, 70% of the territory of Thailand was covered with forests, with fine mahogany trees, various types of walnut, oak and beech trees, as well as different types of pines. Gradually this natural “green lung” decreased to a skimpy 25% of the total around 2000. Since then there has been a vigorous swerve that led to the current stabilization, with a consolidated “green” presence of around 35% of the territory. Especially with many new areas for special protection or, in some cases, integral.
Particularly noteworthy are the areas of protection of teak and trees belonging to the Dipterocarpaceae, the Lauan, the Meranti, with large productions of resin and excellent wood. There are also giant bamboo forests with rods as high as eight meters and sections of 25 cm in diameter. Even these are duly protected or, as in the case of the Khao Sok (in the picture) reservation, even become an opportunity for revaluation also in terms of tourism and culture. The same applies to the large lotus plots and the three varieties of water lilies present, all well protected and followed by special groups of volunteers and “green policemen”.
The protection of animals, as well as forests has increased
Also the protection of the typical animals of the region has had, since the eighties, a particular attention. There are still areas where the cultivation of rice, cotton, hemp, pineapple, fruit palms is carried out, with traditional systems and, also with the use of buffalo, oxen and – sporadically – elephants with small ears, but – as you can imagine – by now all the crops are correctly mechanized, while maintaining little more than familiar extensions.
The use of these animals (and especially of the elephants) is, today, confined to some very isolated peripheral realities, or within didactic-information centers specialized in the promotion of the “Thai” traditions. A condition of protection that has been made explicit by the 1989 Delegation Law that has definitively freed all elephants registered in the Thai state from all forms of forced labor.
Serious damage to wildlife has been affected by poaching and the capture of particular exotic animals. Although it would be more appropriate to use the present time, since it is one of the most sanctioned crimes since 2000. The most sought-after animals are the tapirs, the rhinos and the elephants themselves. A similar fate has been left to gibbons, Khao monkeys and many types of birds.
This is a continuous struggle between local traffickers (linked to Chinese and Western sorting centers) and the various law enforcement agencies who, we recall, in the case of capturing the perpetrators, do not hesitate to apply very heavy penalties.
Similar conditions also reserved for the many producers of opium poppies, marijuana hemp and other hallucinogenic products (the “Thran” fungus among them).
A packet of hashish ready for use, if seized at the airport at the time of embarkation to leave Thailand, even if it is a few tens of grams, can lead to a minimum detention of three years. Pure fish industry, only partly Thai (mostly in Chinese and Malay), has contributed to the impoverishment and transformation of both marine and river biological variety. There are practically no more shrimps (the traditional “hakifs”) in free circulation conditions, as well as some types of crabs, particularly sought after for tasty meats.
However, since 1991 the centers of “fish culture” have increased with a gradual recovery, in special basins, of the traditional local fishery products.
Also the crocodiles and snakes, above all the cobras, the object of spasmodic hunting, although very forbidden, have also decreased. The first for particularly soft and shiny skins, the second for the poison (paid for by the weight of gold by the pharmaceutical industry) and for the variously spotted fleece.
Even the silk industry, for almost two hundred years the prerogative of the Chinese community, has been “recovered” thanks to government incentives that are making the Thai territory the third largest world producer of natural silk, that is the one that uses the worm in all its phases.
We are waiting for you in Thailand, at 10WEEC.
We want to analyze how an experimental curriculum in Environmental Education in the era of Anthropocene requires a multi-disciplinary and a multi-scale approach. Through the presentation of examples and case studies, we intend to show how an environmental thinking framework has to include simultaneously:
– a focus on local approach and on the implementation of small scale interventions, aimed at empowering small agents and local minorities;
– a focus on the realization of macro actions, planned in top-down perspective, and effective on a global scale.
Such capability of upscaling and downscaling within the same thinking framework characterizes the patterns of the theory of complexity, in particular reflecting self-similarities and recursive behaviors presented by multiscale systems. Environmental education in fact reveals itself as a complex topic, where multiple patterns of specific localities and macro complexities coexist and converge.
At the same time, the time frame of the Anthropocene we are supposedly living in calls for a strong multidisciplinary approach. No methodology or traditional field of research alone can make sense of the Anthropocene multiple environmental controversies. Anthropocene is both a fully natural and fully cultural construct.
The practice of ethnography typical of anthropological research is particularly fitted to identify and highlight small-scale contexts, and to pinpoint the role of local actors, minority groups and marginal societies, but it shows some limitations when confronted to quantitative information and big data, that are at the basis of all the environmental knowledge in the making. A productive pattern for an Anthropocene Environmental Curriculum has to be able to embrace heterogeneous methodologies and knowledge sources, and at the same time build the epistemological texture where uneven data can dialogue and develop.
The thematic cluster calls for papers that describe local and global scale case studies, used profitably in Environmental Education, which rely on and exemplify multi-scale thinking frameworks and multi-disciplinary approaches.
Call proposed by:
Elena Bougleux – University of Bergamo, firstname.lastname@example.org
Jennifer Wells – CIIS San Francisco, email@example.com
Voir ci-dessous pour la version française
Ver abajo para la versión en español
We hope you can support the congress and its dissemination. How? Here you are some quick suggestions:
- Send an invitation to participate to all your friends and colleagues. Many people could be interested in attending the Congress, but maybe they are not in our database. Ask them to subscribe our newsletter to be always in contact with us. If you like, help us also to spread the communication about WEEC 2019 using the “Save the date” stamp as signature of your e-mail and on social network and websites.
- Promote your country delegation. Do you want to be the referent of your country? Surely you know many people interested in participating, but (for reasons of time and work) they need help in organising, that person can be you!
- Do you know that you can get a discount using the group rate? Group of 5 persons and upto 9 persons, who registered together / same time, will get 10% discount on total fee. Group of 10 persons and above, who register together /same time, will get 20% discount on total fee. Organize your group (association, university, institution, group of friends and students)!
- Pay before, pay less. The early bird registration is valid until March 31st 2019. It is therefore useful to take advantage of it.
- Send us your proposal for a Call. We launched the call for papers on specific topics we are going to receive. This initiative aims at promoting a collaborative process enriching and specifying topics listed on the program. So, you (or your colleagues) can send us your own thematic calls for papers we will share and will promote through the WEEC website, newsletter and Facebook. Proposals you like to develop with/to announce to colleagues from all over the world can be sent to: firstname.lastname@example.org (suitable deadline: March 31st 2019). Of course, proponents will be the point of reference also BEFORE the congress and at the congress they will chair/coordinate thematic niches built on this basis.
We are sure that, thanks to your help, it will be a remarkable Congress!
Nous espérons que vous pourrez soutenir le congrès et sa diffusion. Comment ? Voici quelques suggestions rapides:
– Envoyez une invitation à tous vos amis et collègues. Si vous le souhaitez, aidez-nous également à diffuser la communication sur le WEEC 2019 en utilisant le timbre ” Save the date ” comme signature de votre courrier électronique ainsi que sur les réseaux sociaux et les sites Web.
– Promouvez-vous la délégation de votre pays. Voulez-vous être le référent de votre pays ? Vous connaissez sûrement beaucoup de personnes intéressées à participer, aidez-les à s’organiser !
– Savez-vous que vous pouvez obtenir un rabais en utilisant le tarif de groupe : Groupe de 5 personnes et jusqu’à 9 personnes, qui se sont inscrits ensemble / en même temps, obtiendront 10% de réduction sur les frais totaux. Les groupes de 10 personnes et plus, qui s’inscrivent ensemble / en même temps, obtiendront un rabais de 20% sur les frais totaux.
– Payez avant, payez moins. L’inscription anticipée est valable jusqu’au 31 mars 2019. Il est donc utile d’en profiter.
– Envoyez-nous votre proposition d’appel. Nous avons lancé l’appel à communications sur des sujets spécifiques que nous allons recevoir. Cette initiative vise à promouvoir un processus de collaboration enrichissant et spécifiant les sujets énumérés dans le programme. Les propositions que vous aimez développer avec / à annoncer à des collègues du monde entier peuvent être envoyées à: email@example.com (date limite: 31 mars 2019). Bien entendu, les promoteurs seront le point de référence également AVANT le congrès et, lors du congrès, ils présideront / coordonneront les niches thématiques construites sur cette base.
Nous sommes sûrs que, grâce à votre aide, ce sera un congrès remarquable!
– Envía una invitación para participar a todos tus amigos y colegas. Si lo desea, ayúdenos también a difundir la comunicación sobre WEEC 2019 utilizando el sello “Guardar la fecha” como firma de su correo electrónico y en las redes sociales y sitios web.
– Promover la delegación de su país. ¿Quieres ser el referente de tu país? Seguramente conoces a muchas personas interesadas en participar, ayúdalos a organizarse!
– ¿Sabe que puede obtener un descuento utilizando la tarifa de grupo: Grupo de 5 personas y hasta 9 personas, que se registraron juntas / al mismo tiempo, obtendrán un 10% de descuento sobre la tarifa total. Grupo de 10 personas o más, que se registren juntos / a la misma hora, obtendrán un 20% de descuento sobre la tarifa total.
– Paga antes, paga menos. La inscripción anticipada es válida hasta el 31 de marzo de 2019. Por lo tanto, es útil aprovecharla.
– Envíanos tu propuesta de convocatoria. Lanzamos la convocatoria de artículos sobre temas específicos que vamos a recibir. Esta iniciativa tiene como objetivo promover un proceso de colaboración que enriquezca y especifique los temas enumerados en el programa. Las propuestas que desee desarrollar con / para anunciar a colegas de todo el mundo se pueden enviar a: firstname.lastname@example.org (fecha límite adecuada: 31 de marzo de 2019). Por supuesto, los proponentes también serán el punto de referencia ANTES del congreso y en el congreso presidirán / coordinarán nichos temáticos construidos sobre esta base.
Estamos seguros de que, gracias a su ayuda, ¡será un Congreso extraordinario!